Primary Education System In India Essay For Kids

“Education is simply the soul of a society as it passes from one generation to another.”– G. K. Chesterton

Education is the imparting and acquiring of knowledge through teaching and learning, especially at a school or similar institution. The earliest educational processes involved sharing information about gathering food and providing shelter; making weapons and other tools; learning language; and acquiring the values, behaviour, and religious rites or practices of a given culture. Before the invention of reading and writing, people lived in an environment in which they struggled to survive against natural forces, animals, and other humans. To survive, preliterate people developed skills that grew into cultural and educational patterns.

Education developed from the human struggle for survival and enlightenment. It may be formal or informal. Informal education refers to the general social process by which human beings acquire the knowledge and skills needed to function in their culture. Formal education refers to the process by which teachers instruct students in courses of study within institutions.

Talking of the modern day education, one feels proud; of saying yes I am an educated person. Formally or informally all of us are educated. Education is the equipping with knowledge. The overall development of mind, body and soul is the real education.

Carter G. Woodson once said “For me, education means to inspire people to live more abundantly, to learn to begin with life as they find it and make it better.”


Modern day education is aided with a variety of technology, computers, projectors, internet, and many more. Diverse knowledge is being spread among the people. Everything that can be simplified has been made simpler. Science has explored every aspect of life. There is much to learn and more to assimilate. Internet provides abysmal knowledge. There is no end to it. One can learn everything he wishes to. Every topic has developed into a subject.

New inventions and discoveries have revealed the unknown world to us more variedly. Once a new aspect is discovered, hundreds of heads start babbling over it, and you get a dogma from hearsay. Not only our planet but the whole universe has become accessible.

Now we have good and learned teachers to impart us with knowledge of what they know. Every one is a master in his field. We and our children are getting taught by professionals of their field. Presently our education is based on making us the best in our area of interest, to help us reach our goals more easily. More of the fact based knowledge is being grasped by us. What we learn helps us in our career and in our profession. Professionalism is deep-rooted in our society now and this education makes us so.

Skill-development and vocational education has added a new feather to the modern system of education. There is something to learn for everyone. Even an infant these days goes to a kindergarten. And a little grown, mentally and physically is promoted to a Montessori. Everything is being categorized, be it a primary, middle, a higher secondary or graduate school. We have temples of education known by a familiar word the “university”.

Whatsoever we are getting educated day by day and what’s good about is that it’s a never-ending process.

Rightly said by Aristotle, “Education is an ornament in prosperity and a refugee in adversity.” is what everybody feels now.


Well, that was the positive side, but every story has two telling. Of all the virtue, our education system has developed into mere schooling now. New trends are being developed which are far more a baloney that boon.

Albert Einstein once said “Education is that which remains, if one has forgotten everything one learned in school.”

Firstly our education is confined to schools and colleges. It has become a process of spoon feeding. “Spoon feeding in the long run teaches us nothing but the shape of the spoon” were the words of E.M.Forster. We are being fed with facts and knowledge. Not art, not books, but life itself is the true basis of teaching and learning. Cramming of facts and dates, hi-fi mathematical formulas, theories and doctrines should be at college levels when one has chosen his area of interest. What will the history pay a doctor or a mathematician, or medical terms to a historian?

Secondly, an art can only be learned from a workshop of those who are earning their bread from it. Modern education has spread more ignorance than knowledge. Most of the women even don’t know, where, the fabric they are wearing, came from. The word “How” is missing in our world which causes ignorance.

“Education…has produced a vast population able to read but unable to distinguish what is worth reading.” says G. M. Trevelyan.

Thirdly all education is bad which is not self-education. Presently, children after school are sent to tuitions. This is a clear question mark on the ability of school teacher. Homework tutorials are mushrooming up in our society. Students are thought of like they can’t do anything on their own and so are sent even to do the homework. Our schoolings got a lot of loop-holes. They guide us through a well catered pathway which finally leads to professionalism. Homework is a waste of time, if it is to repeat class work done today or to be repeated as class work to be done tomorrow.

Our schooling does not leave us with time to get educated. Mark Twain once said that” I have never let my schooling interfere with my education”. Our child’s normal routine has become to wake up early, brush up their minds with light reading, go to school, then go to tuition and finally come home and do the homework.

Finally our education is producing machines out of pupil. They read books, they speak books and they do books. Discussing in class lead to complications, which remains as confusions for a life time if left untreated. Vladimir Nabokov, a U.S critic, poet and novelist says “Discussion in class, which means letting twenty young blockheads and two cocky neurotics discuss something that neither their teacher nor they know.”

So, it’s a matter of debate that our education system is fallacious or fair.

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Education System in India

Points in favor of Indian education system

  • The Indian education system is perhaps the second largest in the world, which is catering more than 190 million students of different socio-economic ground. The total population of the country is about 978 million. Till 1960, the emphasis was on quantitative expansion of educational facilities, which later diverted to enrolment and retention. It is the quality of education that is at present in the focus in all the programmes relating to elementary education in general and primary education in particular.
  • In terms of literacy, India is one of those at the top of the world rankings. In fact, Indians are known to be avid readers. According to a survey, an Indian reads an average of almost 11 hours a week. Indians are so gifted and its only in India, where 65% youngsters (less than 35 years) are living. We can see many Indians get selected worldwide in the multi national companies, creating their own fortune. They are able to perform good in their career only because of quality education provided in India.
  • If you look at international education systems, they equip one with critical thinking skills and the capability of applying the knowledge. But they do not provide one with the vast knowledge base that the Indian education system does. Indian education is tougher as compared to the education imparted in foreign universities. There are many people who came from US after completing 10th and they find it difficult to cope with HSC syllabus. It’s obvious that you earn a lot of money staying abroad because of the conversion factor but quality of education and curriculum followed here makes a person more competitive. Competition teaches students to unleash their full potential. With so much emphasis on scoring marks, Indians are forced to become fiercely competitive. It’s no surprise that 3 of the world’s most competitive exams (UPSC, JEE, and CAT) are from India.
  • The teacher-student relationship in India is better than foreign nations as they have a friendly and cordial relation which helps a student to stay motivated while studying and it can be a factor that is lacking in foreign nations which can help us to develop in the field of education.
  • Indian Universities have a good image world wide for the kind of education they provide but the way of imparting education should be learnt from foreign universities. A good education should make a person understand the basics of how the world works. As far as this definition goes, Indian education system does a pretty good job.
  • Indian education system is not poor as compared to other countries but we are not producing as many scholars as we should be able to produce due to the population and limited resources of our country. That is why, we are bound to say that the Indian education system is not up to the mark. It is because of lack of interest in implementation of proper system, whether it is a government or a private educational institute.
  • India’s schools and colleges provide more ground-work on helping students learn the concept theoretically. This means Indians are generally of high intellect level compared to American counterparts. Right from our school-days to post graduate level, we have a variety of class tests, cycle tests, assessments, quarterly and half yearly exams, semester exams etc. This ensures that students are in constant touch with their books. This also means that Indians generally will have more scope in scoring in competitive exams like IIT, CAT, IAS, IBPS etc.and foreign based standardized tests like GRE, GMAT, SAT etc.
  • Indian educational system has succeeded in the view that – At NASA ,many of world’s best brains are working, in which 20% are Indians and all of them are educated in India. Also, many people are holding high posts in India and aboard who received their education in India.
  • Most of the primary and middle class educational systems have included a subject called moral science while this is something that is not taught in foreign universities. This subject teaches students about the basic morals and ethics. Earlier, it was believed that ethics are something that cannot be taught, but our education system has made a first step in that direction. Moreover, many cultural fests and music concerts are encouraged by Indian schools and colleges. Focusing on fine-arts activates the left-side of the brain that helps create brain balance.
  • Also, innovative ways of teaching are included by most of the Indian educational systems in the present time. Many quizzes are conducted by school organisations that are also telecasted on TVs. We can see students of 6th to 8th grade are actively participating in it and their IQ level is constantly increasing. Indian education system is getting overhauled at the school levels. Kids these days have better learning methods with real life scenarios and presentations given to them.There are schools with Semester systems.Its getting more westernized which is really good.
  • In Indian educational system, we have tests that conducted every month to find out how much have we learned. Many students hate it, but there is a good side. Tests help us understand chapters in depth , memorize them and retrieve it when needed. In other words, we develop a habit of learning by our self, we learn how to priorities topics and the way to remember them. We do this for many years constantly and by the end of our school life, we are master at grasping concepts quickly and effectively. Students go through many exams in their learning years. It teaches the students to analyse their strengths and weaknesses consistently.
  • The best part of Indian Education system was and is in its ‘Rote Learning’- Kanthastha, as it was in ancient India. This simulates the mind, body, soul. improves concentration and bursts the stress as well as invokes inner sense. So, ‘rote learning’ also has a positive side. In CBSE system, with continuous evaluation and understanding of theory concept, student is bound to do well in life. The annual system is a boon for slow and average learners. The understanding of diverse subjects and equal weightage to all is another excellent way to give horizontal knowledge. There is amalgamation of logic and creativity, thereby, giving equal importance to left and right brains. It is such a holistic educational system. The problem is only application part. But now with so many online games, virtual labs and quiz competition etc. the students can get their best.
  • Our education policies are being designed and redesigned every year just to have a larger number of kids get educated. Be that be the mid-day meal, or free education for girls, or distributing cycles, and much more, which tend to attract people from lower strata of life, and would not otherwise want to send their kids to schools. They at least have the satisfaction that their child gets food once a day if s/he goes to the school. There are stories where people in remote villages do not want summer vacations in schools, because for two odd months, they do not know how to feed their kids.
  • We are taught to be, if not multi, at least bilingual. In most of the schools in India, english is a compulsory language and the regional language is also taught with equal importance. We learn to be secular with the help of Indian educational system. Studying at a school where we have students with different religions, we slowly learn how to respect other religions as well. Whatever be the situation, the government is still trying to achieve the 100% literacy rate
  • “Indian education system” is too broad like an umbrella. Some may argue that one should choose what he wants to study and it must not be enforced upon the students. Though the idea is good, but it is not practical to expect a 15 year old kid to know what he wants to do. What he ends up doing would merely be a reflection of his parent’s wishes and what he sees around him which unfortunately, in India is only IT field. A holistic education at the school level in India is ideal. In India, a student is made to study fixed subjects compulsory to all till 10th and then after 10th standard, he can decide which subjects he would like to opt for  in future. In fact, this should be extended to the undergraduate level too where all students should have the same curriculum for the first two years and only after that, they should choose a particular field to pursue their career.
  • The Indian education system has the correct mix of academic freedom and rigor. Any more freedom would potentially confuse and reduce the academic capabilities of the students and any less would make them a machine.
  • When compared with the overall test scores for language, mathematics and sciences, Indian schools actually rank 3rd in the world under all the subjects. Indian education is very strict and profound in its ways of teaching
  • Modern day education is aided with a variety of technology, computers, projectors, internet, and many more. Diverse knowledge is being spread among the people with emphasis on practical knowledge as various kinds of skill development programmes have been introduced by our government. Skill-development and vocational education has added a new feather to the modern system of education.

Challenges faced by Indian education system

  • The gross enrollment ratio at present is about 90 per cent at the primary and 60 per cent at the upper primary level that suggests that a large number of children of school age population be still out of school. Of those who are admitted in schools only about 65-70 per cent are attending schools. This is also reflected in the high incidence of drop out, which is as high as about 45-50 per cent at primary and 60 per cent at the elementary level. This severely affects the efficiency of educational system. The primary education system is efficient to the extent of only 60 per cent and children are taking much more time than ideally required to become primary graduates.
  • In the top 100 universities list by ‘Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings 2016’, none of the Indian universities could make into the list. This suggests that availability of a school or a college need not guarantee the quality education. There is no adequate infrastructure facilities available to schools and the children are not fully utilizing the available facilities. A large number of schools do not have minimum infrastructure, such as, drinking water, toilet facility, school boundary, play ground, buildings, teaching-learning aids, electricity etc.
  • In addition, adequate number of instructional rooms and teachers are also not available in a good number of schools. Even if the teaching aids are available that need not guarantee that teachers are well equipped to utilize available teaching learning aids and equipment. Teacher-student ratio is not as per norms, example in government schools, 40-50 students are incorporated in one section under one teacher, that too, in primary schools where students require proper guidance to prepare them for higher classes.
  • The courses in foreign are more industry oriented as regards to Indian Education which is far behind the industry. The technique of teaching and the faculty are far more qualified and advanced than in India. The students are required to submit regular assignments and have projects in their curriculum in other countries as opposite to Indian Education where the students just mug up the syllabus in the text books without understanding the concepts and vomits in the paper to score good marks in exams. Foreign education gives exposure and incredible chance to meet students of different nationalities and religions. Part time job culture makes the student self reliant and also gives a chance to gain work experience.
  • We have a limited job opportunities in the field we study. For example, the number of engineers produced per million in India is lowest( lower compared to countries like New Zealand and Japan which have lesser population than India). India produces the lowest number of engineers despite an increase in the number of colleges.
  • Foreign Education offers a more personalized and independent approach to help students develop intellectual skills needed for the global market. While Indian education system does not enable the students to do any innovative work because Indian educational structure concentrate on concept as opposed to useful understanding. They bind students mind by making it restricted in specific area as an outcome we do not get much direct exposure as we ought to get.
  • Indian education are still following the old tradition of education and did not altered even a little after self-reliance. However foreign education modifications goes on just like innovation and assisting students to find out how simply one can invest period of time in creating newest innovation.
  • Indians think to get admissions in bigger organization like IIM’s and IIT’s you need to score heavy grades. However in foreign, practical knowledge and skills are needed to get admissions and they do not provide the top priority to marks and grades.For any system to be good, the prerequisites are good governance. Our governments just want votes from us and nothing else. They know that if we all get educated, then we’ll vote wisely in elections. They wouldn’t be able to manipulate funds and get away with it (thanks to our great judicial system).
  • Our education system has become a process of spoon feeding. We are being fed with facts and knowledge. Cramming of facts and dates, hi-fi mathematical formulas, theories and doctrines should be at college levels when one has chosen his area of interest. What will the history pay a doctor or a mathematician, or medical terms to a historian? Indian educational system needs to think in this direction.
  • An art can only be learned from a workshop of those who are earning their bread from it. Modern education has spread more ignorance than knowledge. Also, all education is bad which is not self-education. Presently, children after school are sent to tuitions. This is a clear question mark on the ability of school teacher. Homework tutorials are mushrooming up in our society. Our schooling has got a lot of loop-holes. Our education is producing machines out of pupil. They read books, they speak books and they do books. Discussing in class lead to complications, which remains as confusions for a life time if left untreated.
  • It is reported recently that the total expenditure on Education exceeds Rs 91000 Crores, roughly 8% of GDP. Of this, Government’s share is around 3.3% and balance 4.7% by private funding. The Govt’s share is roughly  borne between  Centre and   the States    in the ratio of 15%  and 85%. To achieve a 95% literacy, it is estimated a further outlay Rs 40,000 Crores are required. So, our government’s efforts are also lagging behind in educational sector.
  • Foreign education curriculum contains everything taking from arts to sports along with studies. US has arts, sports, music and theatre in syllabus. Australia focuses more on sports; they have cricket, hockey and boxing in their college curriculum. Where as Indian education system only emphasize on studies. There is no room for extra curricular in our education system.
  • In Dubai, primary and secondary education is free and it is made compulsory in law. Where as in India, education is becoming business with a fast pace. Taking from privatization of education to tuition and coaching institute, education has become means to generate good money. So, business minds are now moving towards education in India.
  • Indian education system teaches old technologies. Education system hasn’t changed much after independence. Indian education system is very bad in adopting latest technologies in curriculum. In foreign countries, curriculum changes everyday according to upgradation of technology and requirements of the industry.
  • Indians still believe in grades and certificates. We believe in taking admission in IITs and IIMs. Foreign countries believe in skills. They don’t care about the institution of education more, all they see is what you learnt during your schooling.
  • Education builds the man so it builds the nation. Statistics show that 58% of the employable population was unemployed in India in the year 2004-05. What is the cause of such high unemployment in India? India needs a huge force of innovators who could make it self reliant in all kinds of sciences and technologies. India needs artists who could make its culture the most popular in the world. A culture which is not only saleable itself but also helps in selling India’s products across the world. Such people though in small numbers, were always there in India. But the question is- are they the products of our education system? No, they were self driven and inspired by themselves.
  • Education should make a person free, should broaden the horizon of thinking and should encourage to experiment and to ask questions. Ultimately, it should make a person realize what capabilities and shortcomings they have. In India, the youngsters do not think of selecting careers other than , doctors, MBA’s and IAS officers. It is not the problem with the young generation but the root passes generations to generations wherein the parents and grandparents do not think of any option above these. They do not vision to think beyond it.
  • According to Indians, one must become an engineer or a doctor! Sports and arts are considered to be made for leftovers. If you don’t get admission in science of commerce stream; you choose arts. This is what Indians feel. In India, students go for those streams which have higher pay scale or higher number of jobs. And in foreign countries, students select their career according to their field of interest.
  • The course structure is rigid and minimum options are available in Indian education system. On the other hand, if a student opts for an education in a foreign country gets a varied range of courses available and moreover students can choose among a host of classes and courses. They can change their major (i.e. field of study) midway through college. This usually means that students receive more exposure to a variety of subjects and hence, are more aware of their career options and opportunities available to them.


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